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Peer Review

Basics of Peer Review

Peer Review is the evaluation criterion of scientific work by independent reviewers within the same field of research study in order to widen the knowledge base in that field thereby enhancing the quality of the work. Also known as refereeing, this unbiased and collaborative process generates expert critique and genuine feedback for the research.

Journal editors usually adopt a peer review process for selecting a manuscript for publication as it helps them assess the paper's suitability to their journal. Different journals follow varying forms of peer review from among the following:

  • Single Blind Peer Review where the reviewer's identity is kept confidential from the author.
  • Double Blind Peer Review where both the reviewer's and the author's details are not disclosed to either party.
  • Open Review where the identities of author and reviewer are not concealed.

The first two review methods of peer review are widely adopted by the journal publishers.

Peer Review Process

The process of making a manuscript publish ready includes the following steps:

peer review process

Benefits of Peer Review

Peer Review process is beneficial for the authors, journals and the readers.

  • The author receives constructive feedback comments from the experts in the same field.
  • The errors or gaps in literature that might have been overlooked by the author are highlighted.
  • Authors can modify their work to make it suitable to the journal's objectives.
  • Readers are assured that the research has been verified by the subject experts.